The Sigma 8mm f/3.5 EX DG Circular

Courtesy of Sigma Corporation, All Rights Reserved

There are two kinds of fisheye lenses, the rectilinear and the circular; the rectilinear delivers right angle corners while the circular gives you just that, a round image in a rectangular space. Both distort the heck out of the world. This one yields a 180° angle of view, which means that if you point it straight ahead you will usually get your shoes in the frame; in addition, you can point the camera in one direction and no one alongside you will ever know you are shooting their picture. Just as well, as anything that resides on the edges looks decidedly warped.

The Sigma 8mm has a nice, fast maximum aperture of f/3.5 and an amazing close-focusing distance of a bit over 5"--that's right, inches. At f/22 (which I would not recommend for general use, but then again what's general use with this lens?) you get surreal depth of field; even at f/8 it feels like any kind of critical focusing is foolish. But if you are shooting close there are distance marks on the lens in feet and meters that drop from the infinity mark right to 1 meter and then downward to 0.135 meters (the scale is in feet and inches as well). The lens can be used in AF mode and has Sigma's super multi-coating and Special Low Dispersion glass. Construction is 11 elements in six groups, with a six-bladed diaphragm.

(Top) The charm of a fisheye is of course the angle of view but also the potential for distortion. A lot has to do with the placement of objects within the XY axis (vertical and horizontal grid, if you will) within the frame. Note that all the lamppost in the center does is tilt backward, although all the buildings on the periphery tilt inward. While this "full-frame" lens is most apt for 35mm and D-SLRs with "full-frame" sensors, the crop does not entirely get in the way of the fisheye effect on an APS-C D-SLR sensor. (Above) The crop here is my "go to print" framing.
All Photos © 2007, George Schaub, All Rights Reserved

The lens is for 35mm and full-frame D-SLRs. This means that anyone shooting an APS-C sensor D-SLR, and that's the vast majority of us, will get their hemispheres clipped at the top or sides. I used it on a few Nikon and Canon mount APS-C cameras and didn't feel deprived of the fisheye effect, although it was a pretty good illustration of why you generally shouldn't use full-frame lenses on APS-C sensor cameras.

According to Sigma, "The circular fisheye should always provide an Angle Of View (AOV) of 180° anywhere along the diameter (about 22mm) of the circular image. Most APS-C sensors will crop out parts of the top and bottom of the circle, so the AOV in those areas will be reduced. The smaller sensors may also crop out some of the left and right sides, so the AOV there will be reduced as well. But, as long as the full diameter of the circle is captured the AOV should be 180°." The lens is available for Canon, Nikon, Sigma, Sony, and Pentax mounts.

(Top) Once you mount the Sigma 8mm f/3.5 your perspective certainly changes, as does the way you seek and frame shots. This vertical shot of an escalator was composed to emphasize the sweep of the curve, which actually was a straight line. (Above) The grab shot of the newsstand was made as I walked by. Note the bowing of the exterior and the long alley perspective on the right. It all has to do with how you "line up" the shot. Both shots were cropped from the circular image recorded.

My shooting covered interior and exterior locations. From the shots on the card it looks like all I did was hang out in Times Square, but I shot around other New York locales as well. Much of the shooting was at night and indoors and that's where the f/3.5 max aperture and the ability to shift ISO on the fly really came in handy.

For the most part I had fun with the lens and accepted the distortion as part of the experience. You don't shoot fisheye only for a wide angle of view--you go in knowing that edges will bend and vanishing points will get weird. If you want a super-wide point of view without distortion get into stitching.

The current ability to construct images in many ways does bring up a point about fisheyes in general. This focal length might be an analog remnant that is quickly being replaced by distortion and perspective controls in software, thus making it even more niche than it had been in the past. But there's no denying that it's a fun way to see occasionally. You find yourself getting into odd postures and looking for the most oblique angle on things. And it can be used for both digital and film 35mm cameras (full frame), although there's some cropping of the circle (thus angle of view) in APS-C. I also leave it to your imagination as to what you can do with this sort of odd perspective image once you get the file into the Transform menu of Photoshop and other such fun houses.

(Above) If you want to get some interesting perspective on things the 8mm is for you. This shot was made right in the middle of Times Square pointing the camera upward. Note how the vanishing point (where lines converge at the horizon) is dead center in the frame.

While there's no question that the Sigma 8mm f/3.5 lens changes your point of view, your decision is whether or not this $990 (MSRP; you might find it for less) lens is something you'd use often enough to justify the expenditure; if the answer is yes then the Sigma 8mm f/3.5 certainly delivers the goods.

For more information, contact Sigma Corporation of America, 15 Fleetwood Ct., Ronkonkoma, NY 11779; (800) 896-6858;