Location Shoot: Studio Results; Portable Pro Lighting Tips & Gear Page 2
To enhance lighting further you should also consider light modifiers for your auxiliary flash. Just as in the studio, there are different types of light modifiers that can be used in the field, including reflectors and diffusers. Reflectors redirect the light while diffusers soften the light. Some commercially available modifiers include both reflective and softening components.
Most commercial flash units have tiltable or rotatable heads, so adjusting
the head and bouncing the light off of a ceiling or even side wall helps soften
the light. In the early days of electronic flash photojournalists cut small
pieces of white cardboard and rubber banded them onto the head of the flash.
The flash would be pointed upward, tilting slightly forward. Most of the softened
light would bounce off of the card onto the subject.
In a room, some light would also bounce off of the ceiling, providing a secondary light source that would fall behind the subject, reducing background shadows. That technique worked very well, to the point that many newer flash units have a retractable card built-in. Most of the built-in cards work OK in a pinch, but they're too small for most creative work. The rule of thumb is: the larger the reflector card, the softer the resulting light. With larger cards, it's also possible to add a diffuser to soften the light even more.
While you can build your own light modifier, there's a nice selection of units on the market. Commercial modifiers usually use touch fasteners. Placing touch fasteners on three sides of the flash makes it possible to attach different light modifiers for different applications. There are quite a few modifiers available; here are some I have worked with:
The LumiQuest ProMax System includes the 80-20 Reflector that redirects 20 percent of the light coming out of the flash directly onto the subject for very soft fill light. The other 80 percent of the light passes through, to be redirected by another surface, such as a ceiling. That provides an even, pleasing "two-light look."
The ProMax System also includes the LumiQuest Bounce Kit, which redirects light at a 90° angle from the flash to soften the shadows. It spreads the light over a large area, for soft lighting with minimal shadows. To increase versatility even further, the Bounce Kit comes with white, silver, and gold inserts that modify the quality of the light so you can choose from silver specular highlights, neutral tones, or a rich, warm light that simulates the late afternoon sun. There's also a removable frosted diffusion screen to soften the light even more. All the components come in a handy pouch. That's a complete lighting system for $65.
A very functional light modifier that I've found handy is the very lightweight
Hughes Soft Light Reflector. It's a simple single sheet of coated reflective
material that's cut so that when it's attached it forms a reflective
light cove. It can be "focused" so that most of the light falls
onto the subject, or opened up so that more light is available to reflect from
other surfaces. Priced at $39.95, it also works as a lens sunshade.
Another light modifier that can be attached to a flash is Gary Fong's Lightsphere II Diffuser-Cloud. The Lightsphere is a cylindrical-shaped device that evolved out of the Classic Portrait Dome, but with added translucent coloring that slips over the flash head. Its shape and diffusion characteristics provide overall soft light that envelops a subject, making it ideal for people photography. The MSRP is $49.95.
Another light modifying option is a reflector that doesn't attach to the flash. With their soft light, reflectors can add a professional look to photographs, both in the studio and on location. Most photo reflectors are too large to carry around on a regular basis. But there are some available that are small enough to keep in a camera case. Photoflex, for example, has a set of lightweight 22" LiteDiscs in various finishes that fold down to 9". The one I've used for a number of years is the disc with the soft gold and white finish, which is a good choice for close-up portraiture work. It costs $49.95.
Gary Fong, Inc.
228 Park Ave. South, Ste. 74641
New York, NY 10003
Jerry Hughes Photography, Inc. (Hughes Soft Light Reflector)
28540 Durango Dr.
New Braunfels, TX 78132
97 Hangar Way
Watsonville, CA 95076