Prints Don’t Match The Image On Screen; Answers For A Color Managed Printing Workflow

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Each month through the Digital Help column I receive many e-mail messages on how to get prints that match the on-screen image. I have included a sampling of some of these queries as well as some solutions to these problems so challenging to many photographers.

With Datacolor’s Spyder3Elite, set the Functioning mode to Advanced and open the Expert Console. This will provide a dialog window to set the targets for the calibration and profiling of your display. The second section down provides two choices for Target Luminance Values and you should select Measured mode, that will then allow inputting the black (0.50 CD/m2) and white (120.0 CD/m2) luminance value targets.

Questions
For years I have been printing with great success on a Canon i9900 inkjet printer. I have never had to calibrate my monitor…Recently, I purchased a PIXMA Pro9000. The print colors are quite different from the monitor, particularly in the magentas and reds.
Brayton Maggs

I may be somewhat off-base here but I am compelled to get this off my chest: Judging from readers’ letters and my own frustration, having colors in prints look like the pictures done on screen is almost impossible.
Larry Vipond

I am trying to get prints through Aperture using an Epson 2200 and an Apple Cinema Display, calibrated with Spyder2. Prints are underexposed on the printer but overexposed on the display.
Andy Wittenborn

The i1 Photo Match 3 Display option software (similar to the i1Display 2). The second screen to choose Calibration Settings automatically goes to a White Point of a 6500? Kelvin color temperature and a Gamma of 2.2 (standard). The Luminance setting box provides a drop-down menu to select the target value and for LCD displays the recommended value is 120.0 CD/m2.

Why is my Canon iPF5000 printing all of my pictures so dark? I know that I cannot get pictures to look exactly like the screen, but these are far from it.
Martha Meyer

I read an article on color management setup that made me wish you would provide information using, for example, Photoshop Elements 6.0 software, a PIXMA Pro9500 printer, and a monitor for a step-by-step color management setting procedure.
Daniel S. Yorksie

With Microsoft’s Windows (XP Pro) operating system, open the Control Panel and go to Display Properties. Click on the Settings tab and then go to and click on the Advanced button at the bottom. In the Default Monitor Video Driver Properties click on the Color Management tab and the information for the current monitor (with the default monitor profile listed below) is located in the Color Profile dialog box, where the name of the selected profile that is highlighted (if it is the default profile) should be highlighted. If the default is not your new calibrated and profiled file, then click on the Add button on the lower left corner, which should take you to the Color folder under Drivers in System 32 of the Windows folder where your new profile file should be stored.

Answers
1.
A procedure or workflow that will result in prints that match what you see on screen must start with a calibrated and profiled display. Otherwise your computer and an application like Photoshop have no idea and no information as to what colors or brightness you are seeing on screen. So how can the printer match what is on screen when it is ignorant of what you are seeing? All reproduction devices like displays, printers, and scanners produce their own unique interpretation of color; they are “device independent” and conform to no color standard. Calibration and profiling makes a color reproduction device conform to the ICC color standard by first measuring what the display or printer reproduces on its own and then recording the differences between the device output and the ICC color standard and recording those differences in a profile file.

The Color Settings should be available from the menu bar under Edit; select it to open the Color Settings dialog window. To use Elements to edit photo image files for print output, click and highlight the third option down: “Always Optimize for Printing.” This will set the Adobe RGB profile as an Elements work space (Source) profile.
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