Lou Manna: Photos Good Enough to Eat Page 3
In 1990, he took classes in Adobe
Photoshop. He states, "I was a visionary and saw digital photography as
the future of the industry over 10 years ago." During the early '90s,
he began using the first Kodak DCS digital camera series, and moved on to a
Nikon E2 in 1995 (a 1.3-megapixel digital model that cost approximately $13,000).
The E2 had "full-lens coverage with a digital chip," and Manna used
it extensively in his work. Nonetheless, he found that the early digital models
operated too slowly for his quick style of shooting, "and they didn't
have the quality of current digital models."
Today, he relies exclusively on Olympus digital cameras, beginning with the E-10 and E-20 models. Both cameras offered video live feed, which enabled him to show clients and chefs images on a television screen, "a more interactive approach to photography." And now, he's using the Olympus E-1 digital SLR with its interchangeable lens system. He loves the digital chip on the E-1, and enjoys the ultrasonic cleaning system, "which shakes dust off the camera's CCD--it's great to use a camera that cleans itself." He's also excited about Olympus' Global Service Support, which was introduced with the E-1. "I'm thrilled about this, being a world traveler and professional photographer," he comments.
Tricks of the Trade: Five
Tips for Shooting Food Like a Pro
Manna has taught food photography for years to students of the French Culinary Institute and many other professional groups. Thus, he's produced a brochure as a teaching aid, which includes some of the following tips:
1. Food Prep
Manna (or his stylists) use brushes with light cooking oil to add shine to food or vegetables. Likewise, using a spritzer bottle with glycerine and water on glass surfaces like bottles and glasses adds droplets. "I also use hand-carved, plastic ice cubes when shooting beverages." Elmer's Glue is used instead of milk in cereal shots, as it keeps cereal from getting soggy over the course of a photo shoot. To create "ice cream" that won't melt under hot lights, Manna shares this recipe: confectionary sugar, mashed potatoes, Fleishman's margarine, and light corn syrup, shaped with an ice cream scooper. If you're preparing food to be photographed, Manna advises, "Undercooking usually works best for better-looking food. Overcooking dries it out too much for photography."
Photographers who want to shoot food are advised to have a variety of lenses in a wide-angle, normal or telephoto range, depending on the desired result. A macro lens--or one with close-focusing capability--is a must, according to Manna. He often shoots with a telephoto lens to get that "in your face" look, to compress distance, and to give a shallow depth of field. He uses a wide-angle lens when he wants deliberate distortion.
"Whatever you do, don't use on-camera or direct flash," Manna points out. "Diffuse light somehow." Lighting sources can include sunlight, window light, or some type of off-camera flash, such as studio umbrellas, grid spots, or softboxes. He suggests using reflectors, foil, or mirrors to bounce light back on the subject. Manna uses mirrors in varying sizes to bounce light into a reflective surface, such as a small mirror for one pea on up to a large mirror for a group of subjects.
These days, fewer props are used for food photography than in the past, says Manna. They tend to be smaller, more lightweight, and in lighter, more pastel shades. Manna sometimes uses food elements as props. When shooting a table setting, he says, silverware and glassware are simpler, with solid or textured napkins. He also uses textured wood or paper backgrounds.
The old trend of food photography involved shooting from a high angle. Not so today, Manna points out. He shoots from low angles, and uses shallow depth of field to throw the background out of focus, which isolates his main subject. As the viewer's eye is attracted to the brightest object in a photo, Manna purposely places darker colors near the edges of a composition. For visual flow, he arranges his compositions in a circular manner so that the eye stays within the frame.
To see more of Lou Manna's work, visit www.loumanna.com.