Split Field Lenses
Get Impossible Depth Of Field

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This cluster of bright red tulips were about two feet from the camera's lens. With the camera stopped down to f/16 and a +2 split-field close-up lens, everything is in sharp focus from the nearby blossoms to the trees and building in the distant background several hundred feet away. (Canon EOS A2, 35-135mm Canon lens at 35mm, f/11 (Aperture Priority) infinity focus, on Fujifilm Superia 100 color negative film.)
Photos © 2001, Robert E. Mayer, All Rights Reserved

Obtaining deep depth of field on a scenic subject is increasingly difficult. Most of the current SLR cameras that offer a zoom lens do not have a traditional depth of field scale, which could assist you in using the hyperfocal length of the lens to obtain the maximum visual depth. In addition, programmed automatic exposure typically does not select a smaller lens aperture, which would produce the greatest depth. So, what's a person to do?

There is one add-on lens that permits you to obtain sharp focus on a subject very close to the lens while keeping the background in focus. This miracle attachment is called a split-field close-up lens and you must understand it is not suitable for use with every subject. Only certain scenic type subjects are helped by using a split-field lens. In addition, there will usually be a slightly fuzzy area across the entire image along the edge of the half-lens. But, if you can live with these limitations, you can achieve seemingly impossible visual depth in an otherwise normal subject.

Use Aperture Priority
When using a split-field lens it's best to switch a program automatic autofocusing AF SLR over to Aperture Priority (so you can select a smaller lens aperture) and to manual focus for more precise control of the camera's operation.

Although obtainable in standard screw-in filter rings, you have more creative possibilities for exact positioning of the split lens if you use a filter adapter having both rotation and horizontal-to-the-film-plane sliding capabilities, such as the Cokin (and other brands of) universal filter attachment. With this combination you can use the split-field lens in a conventional horizontal attitude, or use it either angled or vertically in the picture frame so it can be adapted to a variety of subject situations. As with standard close up lenses, the split field lenses are available in several strengths, typically +1, +2 or +3. Naturally you will also need an adapter ring with threads that match the lens you plan to use.

This view is identical to the other shot, but the f/11 lens was focused on the tulips in the foreground and little beyond a few feet away is now in focus.

How To Use It
I find it easiest to position the lens at the desired attitude to the subject, then manually set the lens focus for close to infinity. Now move the camera back and forth until the nearby subject appears sharp and in focus in the SLR viewfinder. You might have to slide the split-field lens from side to side a bit so the central blurred area is in a minimally objectionable position. Have the camera set for "A" (Aperture Priority mode) at a small aperture (often f/16 if the lighting/film combination will allow a good shutter speed to hand-hold the camera, but wider lens openings still work fine), then take the picture. When first using this technique, you might want to take several exposures varying the position of the sliding filter within the image frame, or vary the lens aperture then view the resulting images and determine which works best for you.

Don't attempt to use a split-field lens in a situation when sunlight will strike the flat cut edge of the lens, as this will result in a more pronounced, distracting, visible line in the final image. This distracting result is often aggravated by use of a smaller lens opening. When used with any other type of outdoor lighting, the edge of the split lens is just a blurred line and is often minimally visible.

I used my Cokin and Pro Optic (a brand available from Adorama) +2 split-field lenses on a Canon EOS A2 AF SLR with a 35-135mm Canon zoom lens on a variety of springtime subjects. Even when used at the widest (35mm) focal length with the lens stopped down to f/16, the visual depth without the lens was minimal. But, when the split-field lens was attached, the visible depth was greatly enhanced for visual impact. Even if you are forced to use a wider lens opening (such as f/4 or f/5.6) a split-field lens will still enhance the visual depth of sharp focus in the entire scene.

If you like scenic photography, and unusual depth of sharp focus, then you should have a split-field close-up lens handy in your gadget bag to produce this result with any focal length lens used at any aperture.

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