Even though I know I look like 30 something (ahem), I've been at this
game for some time. But sometimes having all those years of background (I think
some people call that experience) comes in mighty handy for putting things in
historical perspective. And while 30 years isn't exactly an eon in terms
of the history of photography, I guess you could say I've been in photography
for about 20 percent of its life! Plus, we all know, unless we've been
tucked away in our safe room for the last five years, that photography has done
a complete about face from film to digital in the last few years. With that
as a background, let me give you a look at how lighting style has changed almost
as dramatically as our medium of choice.
three photos of Jessica Scott (not related to Neal Scott, other
model) were taken using the lights you see in this photo. Note how
I added a homemade "snoot" to one light and you can
see the grid spot in the other light to narrow the beam. The combination
of hard light and a narrow beam adds drama to the images. The grid
spot was used on the background.
All Photos © 2008, Steve Bedell, All Rights Reserved
Go into any portrait studio nowadays, mine included, and you'll probably
see big white gobs of material everywhere. Umbrella-shaped gobs on the end of
rods. Big square gobs that cover black nylon boxes. Gobs that cover PVC piping
that we stick in front of lights. It looks like someone cut up a parachute and
threw pieces of it over the front of lights. Why is everyone doing this? To
see why, let's look at the history.
I started my photographic career in the mid-1970s. Like most photographers of
the time, I wore flared pants and platform shoes, kept my "disco shirt"
unbuttoned dangerously low, had enough hair to make several sweaters, and used
parabolic light sources. Whoa, there Steve, what are you talking about? Well,
let me explain.
photo of Jessica was taken with the light over the camera lens.
With a hard light and no fill, it almost looks like an on-camera
flash. A hairlight is also used.
Regular readers of my articles know I keep things pretty simple and I like
to be pretty direct. Parabolic is a shape. More specifically, it's a curved
shape, like the curved flank of a Ferrari GTO or the swimsuit model thrown on
top of the car. Parabolic shapes are used for radio and TV satellite dishes,
stock charts, Chinese woks, and, hey, photography! And while there are formulas
that can figure out how much light will go in what direction, for our purposes
we'll just go back to our usual formula. It goes something like this:
The larger the light source in relationship to the subject, the softer the light
and the more gradual the transition of highlight to shadow area. So it would
make sense that the smaller the light source in relationship to the subject,
the less gradual the transition of highlight to shadow area. Practically speaking,
small lights will give you brilliant highlights, crisp shadow lines, and a dramatic
transition from highlight to shadow area. Reverse that for big lights. With
that in mind, let's go back to that decade with perhaps the worst music
ever, the '70s.
time my right is to the right and
I turned Jessica's head into it. This is a "straight"
image--note how dramatically the light drops off.
the light still off to camera right, I've turned her head
back, "splitting" the light on her face and calling
attention to the nice sweep and lines of the torso.